Realizing Social Rights: The Material Impacts of Constitutional Entrenchment
Abstract: Using data on the constitutional protection of social rights in 195 countries from 2000-2015 and controlling for economic, political, and demographic variables, I found moderately strong evidence that the right to health leads to increased public expenditures on healthcare but mixed evidence in relation to health outcomes, limited evidence of that the right to education improves primary school enrolment levels in non-civil law jurisdictions, and no correlation between the right to social security and income inequality. Contrary to expectations, I also found that ICESCR rati cation is positively associated with declining infant mortality rates.
Keywords: Health, Education, Social Security, Comparative Constitutional Law, Social Rights
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